AIA365 Staff Insiders
Firebirds top Mountain View 1-0 in baseball pitching duelApr 24, 2014, by Don Ketchum, Staff Writer, AIA365.com
From the ceremonial first toss by a 94-year-old fan to the final out of the game, Thursday’s (April 24) Division I baseball game between visiting Mesa Mountain View and Scottsdale Chaparral was all about pitching.
Mountain View right-hander Nolan Ross gave up three hits and walked two and Chaparral right-hander Collin Gabel gave up two hits and walked three.
Chaparral scratched out an unearned run in the second inning and made it hold up for a 1-0 triumph in the crisp contest that lasted just shy of 90 minutes.
Chaparral, No. 2 in power points entering the day, raised its record to 23-3. No. 5 Mountain View, which had won six games in a row, slipped to 19-10.
“I was talking to Coach (Mike) Thiel (Mountain View) just now (after the game), and I agree with what he said: “That was a good performance by two very good pitchers against two very good offensive teams,’ ’’ said Chaparral coach Sam Messina.
“That we were able to get out front with a run took some of the pressure off, but their kid (Ross) did a great job against us.’’
Messina also gave credit to Gabel for his solid pitching effort as well as his approach at the plate. He did not get a hit, but hit the ball on the nose a couple of times.
“He’s in a good place right now,’’ Messina said.
In the bottom of the second inning, Chaparral leadoff man Tanner Bollig reached base on an infield error. He advanced to third on a base hit by Gage Hampton and scored on a fielder’s choice grounder by Gabe Hamilton.
Chaparral appeared it might be setting itself up for an insurance run in the fifth when Hamilton hit a double with one out, but Ross escaped further trouble.
“It’s good to play games like these down the stretch,’’ Messina said. “You can’t take anything for granted.’’
Team notes for top boys state tennis qualifiersApr 24, 2014, by Jose Garcia, Multimedia Journalist/Historian
The singles and doubles tennis state tournaments begin Friday.
Below is a primer on some of the top boys teams heading to state. We'll post the notes for the girls on Friday.
Brophy: Team is 14-0 vs. Arizona teams. ... Singles record is 74-10 this season. ... Finished third at the 110-team California High School Tennis Classic in Fresno. ... Went 2-2 while competing in the Naitonal High School All-American Invitational in California Newport Beach. ... The top five players on the team are juniors. ... No. 1 Zach Cihlar is the No. 2 seed in the singles state tourney. He might face teammate, No. 7 seed David Akin, in the quarterfinals. Akin won the doubles championship last seson with cousin Michael Cowen. Cowen and Christian Franco are the No. 2 seed in doubles this year. ... Brophy's No. 4, J.J. Good, is undefeated this season. ... Trey Brown is Brophy's No. 6, whose toughest competition has come from teammates Alex Chen and Chase McQueen this season.
Cesar Chavez: Coach Jose Villagomez credited girls coach Gus Padilla for also helping the boys improve since 2007, when the coaches encouraged their players to start playing in summer leagues. … Cesar Chavez is 10-4 this season and qualified for state for the second consecutive year with four returning varsity players from last year’s 13-0 regular season team. … Team started 2-3 this season. … Erick Rodriguez, the program’s No. 1 singles player for the past three seasons, went 12-2 this season and is 39-15 in his career. … No. 5 Juan Jose Lara and No. 6 Dakota Tanton went 7-1 in doubles. … Juniors Javier Salomon (No. 2, 7-3 in singles), No. 3 Jose Hernandez (10-4) and No. 4 Aric Sandoval (8-4) also played “key roles” in this year’s success.
Chandler Prep: Team is 13-0 despite losing its captain Christopher Knight to an injury. … Current No. 1 Ajay Janakiram keeps his cool and does not dwell on mistakes, coach Cameron Karimi said. … The team’s average opponent ranking was the lowest in its division this season. … “We try to our best to play with virtue and class in each of our matches,” Karimi said. “We would rather lose with virtue than win without virtue.” … Team has 16 total players, including eight seniors and nine first-year players. … Patrick Staring is the team’s overall best singles player, and Janakiram and Yianni Laloudakis form the No. 1 doubles team. … “Each player on the team is a top performer,” Karimi said.
Chaparral: Team is 12-2, with losses to top-seeded Brophy and Desert Mountain. But Chaparral avenged its early season loss to Desert Mountain. … No. 1 James Ponwith went undefeated in singles, and No. 2 Stefan Koester went 13-1, including wins at No. 1.
Desert Mountain: “The strength of our team is its depth,” coach Dan LaFevre said. “While we have great players at the top of the lineup, we win many matches withour strength at No. 4, 5 and 6. Good new too. We have a team full of 9th and 10th graders. They should only be getting better over the next few years.” … The team’s No. 1 is Jeremy Auh, “a super player” in singles and doubles. Auh will partner with Chase Victor, forming the No. 1 seed in the state doubles tournament. “Both have a great understanding of how to play doubles,” LaFevre said. “Usually players do not develop into good doubles players until they are juniors or seniors. Jeremy and Chase have already figured out how to play good doubles.”
Marcos de Niza: Team reached the postseason despite not having high school tennis experience before this season started. The team is made up of four basketball players, a hockey player and a recreational tennis player. … “I am very proud of what the boys have done because they work hard at practice every day,” coach Andrea Niederkorn said. “And then during matches they often win because of their competitive nature and refusal to give up.” … No. 1 Connor Stark and No. 4 Cameron Stark are brothers and their cousin is No. 6 Mason. No. 2 David Niederkorn is the coach’s son. … No. 3 Kyle Laie and Connor will be roommates at ASU next year as well as David and No. 6 Ryan Sanders. … David is ranked in the top 5 percent of his class. He and Lai are 7-0 in doubles. … Cameron Stark finished 14-0 during the regular season.
Hamilton: Team finished 11-3 in the regular season and is shooting for its fourth consecutive trip to the state semifinals. But team opens up with a “formidable” opponent in Desert Vista. … Team’s No. 1 doubles team, Sam Wang and Mac Howell, is seeded No. 3 in the doubles state tournament. Wang and Howell won the doubles tournament at the Kiwanis Tournament. … Hamilton’s No. 2 doubles team, Andy Yuwen and Brandon Rast, also qualified for state.
Highland: Team is comprised of just seniors. … Doubles team Tanner Erickson and Brandon Sucher are ranked No. 7 but coach expects them to go much higher at state. … Ryan Layton qualified for state in singles and “is one of the hardest working athletes, always finding time to practice.”
Ironwood Ridge: No. 1 Ryan Knox (9-2) is a junior and finished 4th in last year’s state tournament. Knox and junior Brody Harn, another singles state qualifier, are 8-3 in doubles. … Senior Nick Thomson and doubles partner junior Ben Sutton went 8-3 this season.
Liberty: Team finished 11-3 in its first D-1 season and won its second consecutive district championship. … Team is led by No. 1 sophomore Gavin McRaie and No. 2 junior Brandon Hew (12-2 singles), who are 12-2 in doubles this year. … No. 3 Patrick Omega is 9-5, and Devin Spragg is 12-2. … “I am very pleased with how this team has responded to the new division and we are working hard to prepare for a very tough first round opponent in Chaparral.”
Mesquite: Team pushed each other with six players vying for the team’s No. 3-6 spots. … Team lost its No. 3, Niko Carlow, after a midseason injury but responded well. … No. 1 Daniel Hollands is seeded fifth at state and is undefeated, and No. 2 C.J. Smith (13-1) just missed earning a state seed. “Both are ready to compete,” coach Ray Valenzuela said. Hollands and Smith are undefeated in doubles. … Team’s season record is 12-2.
Mountain Ridge: “We have a great group of committed players who practice as hard as they play,” coach Timothy Rosinbum said. “Their dedication to the sport is impressive, and every player has show serious improvement.” … Team is 12-2. … Team’s No. 1 is Cody Kacerek, an “ultra-consistent player who wins matches through cerebral play, not overwhelming power.” ... The top doubles team of Daniel Cowan and Purnoor Sanghera compliment each other. Cowan brings the power and net game, and Sanghera consistently places the ball in the right spots.
Nogales: “We are proud to be a part of a continued winning tennis tradition at Nogales High School,” coach Rudy Molera said. … Senior Francisco Ton has been the team’s No. 1 the past three seasons, and his brother, Alexis, a sophomore, is the team’s No. 2. … No. 3 Alan Soto-Hopkins, No. 4 Diego Garcia, No. 5 Jose Robles, and No. 6 Wyatt Bell round out the team.
Prescott: Team is 12-2. … Coach Sterling Fetty has been working on building this team for the past two years. … This is the first season team has reached the postseason since the latest division configuration was introduced. … Team defeated Sunnyslope, Cactus Shadows, and Bradshaw Mountain this season. … Team rebounded well after tough losses this season. … The team’s only senior, Dylan Darr, is playing his best tennis since joining the program as a freshman, coach said. … The team’s captains are Jack Bradley and Nick Marroquin, the top singles players on the team. …. “Overall, it really has been a team effort this year,” Fetty said. “When one player isn’t playing well the others are there to pick up the slack. We are set up well for the state tournament. We have a team goal of making it to the semifinals.” … Brandon Nguyen, Brandon Klever, Jake Schulte, and alternate Jack Darr round out the team.
Red Mountain: Team is 13-1, with its only loss to No. 1 seed Brophy. … Team’s No. 1 Cade Lortie (West Point–bound), got off to a slow start, partly because of his pre-military training and jackhammer summer job, but he recovered to win his fourth consecutive city singles championship. … Another player bounced back from 47 stitches and broken nose after a freak accident to finish 11-2. … “This team is definitely one of my favorites, great kids who all get along and work together as a team,” coach Terry Graves said. “They do not care who is No. 1 or No. 5. They just want to win.” … Lortie’s brother, Chase, knocked out Brophy’s No. 2 and also Brophy’s No. 2 doubles team along with partner Zack Royal during the regular season. … Sophomore David Wilding was ranked No. 4 in the southwest when he was 10. He’s No. 5 on the team but almost beat Red Mountain’s No. 1 recently. … Sam “The Man” McCauley is a “beast at the net and baseline.” … No. 6 Max McBride has “unreal hands and very smooth volleys.”
Safford: Team has four seniors in starting lineup. … Safford (13-1) lost its only match to Thatcher. Team’s No. 1 Alex Smallwood is 18-0, placing first in Thatcher and Miami tournaments. … No. 1 doubles Shawn Clonts and Dustin Evans are 12-1. … “As you can see it is a team with some experience,” coach Rhonda Sears said. “They are dedicated players. They practice hard and put many hours on the courts.”
Salpointe: Team finished 13-2 this year, losing its two matches to two of the state’s No. 1 team seeds, Brophy and Catalina Foothills. … No. 1 Yash Parikh is undefeated in singles and is paired up with Jack Amos to form the Salpointe’s No. 1 doubles team.
Scottsdale Christian: “I am very lucky to be in my first coaching season with this team,” coach Cory Rockow said. “They are a great group of young men, on and off the court.” … Team is comprised of five seniors, one junior and one sophomore. “They have been hungry for a state championship for the last four years, and they now have a shot to make that a reality in the next couple of weeks,” coach said. … Team finished undefeated in section. … Senior Ryan McDowell is the team’s top overall player and “great leader.” … D-3 Team is 11-1, including a victory over D-2 Cactus Shadows, and was ranked No. 20 in the early part of the season but finished No. 5 in its division. … Senior Ethan Blake gave tennis a shot for the first time this year and currently the team’s No. 4 singles player and is No. 3 along with his doubles partner. … The team’s top doubles team is McDowell and McIntyre.
Thatcher: Nathan McMaster and Reed Goodman are the returning state champions in doubles in Division III.
Softball: Desert Ridge stays in top-8 chase, blanks HamiltonApr 24, 2014, by Les Willsey, Staff Writer, AIA365.com
Desert Ridge's softball team is still angling for a top-8 berth in the Division I softball playoffs that begins in nine days. The Lady Jaguars pursuit of a first-round bye was verified Thursday afternoon with a 3-0 triumph over Hamilton at Hamilton High.
Sophomore Bailey Klitzke did the work in the circle tossing a five-hitter and striking out 11. Klitzke got the offensive support needed in the second inning on a three-run homer by right fielder Sarah Captain that sailed far and true over the left-field fence.
Hamilton (21-9 overall, 12-5 power-ranking games), enjoying a solid season after just missing the playoffs a year ago, was No. 6 in Thursday's power rankings. Desert Ridge (18-7-1, 11-5 prg) wasn't far back at No. 12. With two or three games remaining for most teams between now and next Wednesday (April 30), the battle for byes and playoff spots is ferocious.
"This keeps us in it," Desert Ridge coach Jennifer Broderick said. "We needed this one. We still have two tough ones left next week with Red Mountain and Mountain Pointe....... Bailey was outstanding. She's been good all season for us."
Klitzke, a left-hander, gave Hamilton a taste of what the game would be like in the first inning. She struck out four in the inning (one reached on a wild pitch) and that runner reached second via steal.
After the game Klitzke weighed at least five pounds more with ice packs on her shoulder elbow and instep. The shoulder and elbow packs were normal. The instep pack was courtesty of a ball ripped up the middle in the sixth by Kim Slaughter that Klitzke couldn't dodge.
The sixth inning was Klitzke's toughest as she surrendered two more hits after Slaughter's. The third hit coming with one out was lined to right by Christine Olivas where Captain fielded it and fired home. The throw was up the third-base line too far and skipped between Klitzke and catcher Hausenfluck. Slaughter broke for home, but was thrown out as Klitzke retrieved it and Hausenfluck got to home in time to cover and make the tag. The sixth ended for Hamilton with runners at second and third on a fly out to right.
Hamilton has a threat quickly douses in the fourth when second baseman Jordan St. Germain made a diving catch in short center-field and fired to first to double up the runner.
Desert Ridge managed the three-run second with one hit -- Captain's home run. The homer came off Hamilton sophomore Cheyenne Noli, who pitched well herself in the loss. Mariann Kennison was hit by a pitch to open the second and Klitzke reached on a fielder's choice on a sacrifice attempt. The throw on the bunt to nail the lead runner at second was late. That brought up Captain, who slammed a 2-2 pitch for her first homer of the year and the game's only runs.
Noli didn't miss bats like Klitzke did, but finished with a three-hitter. She allowed two base runners after the second -- both singles -- one each by Jordan St. Germain and Chryse Hausenfluck. Noli struck out two and walked one.
Hamilton has one game left next week against Perry as it tries to nail down a top-8 finish and first-round bye. Coach Rocky Parra's team was 15-16 last year and missed the playoffs by finishing 25th in the power rankings.
Hamilton (21-8, 12-4) vs. Desert Ridge (17-7-1, 11-4).
Baseball: Red Mountain ends Dobson's six-game winning streakApr 23, 2014, by Les Willsey, Staff Writer, AIA365.com
Red Mountain is pretty much resolved to playing out the string the final two weeks of the prep baseball season. But on Wednesday night the host Mountain Lions put a crimp in Dobson's late-season push to qualify for postseason.
Junior Casey Hershey tossed a complete-game, six-hitter and Red Mountain scored its final five runs on only two hits in notching an 8-2 victory over Dobson in a Division I matchup.
Red Mountain (10-17 overall, 5-12 power-ranking games) fell out of the postseason chase by dropping eight of its past 10 games. Dobson (9-14, 7-7 prg) on the other hand entered Wednesday carrying a six-game winning streak that had boosted the Mustangs two spots from reaching the qualifying position at No. 24 as the season winds down to the last seven days.
Hershey, who hadn't pitched since April 12, matched Dobson's southpaw breaking-ball specialist Tyler Stokes for the first couple innings. Hershey's teammates scratched out a run for him in the third, using a double by John Downey and two wild pitches. Red Mountain tacked on two runs on two hits in the fourth. The key knock a two-out, two-run single to short left-centerfield by Kyle Johnson. A walk -- the fifth issued in the game by Stokes -- leading off the fourth scored. Two more walks by Stokes in the fifth also crossed home plate as Red Mountain broke the game open with three runs on only one hit. The 6-1 lead after five was plenty for Hershey.
"Casey did a nice job," Red Mountain coach Ross Pagel said. "He's getting stronger and was good to the finish. I thought our guys did a good job against their pitcher. He (Stokes) is tough. We were more patient the second time through with some better at-bats. I think he was having some issues with command at times and we were able to take advantage."
Hershey allowed six hits, walked two, struck out seven and allowed one earned run. His biggest K came with the bases-loaded in the fourth when he fanned Dobson's Zarren Snyder to escape the jam. Hershey helped himself again by picking a runner off third in the fifth that limited the damage to a run and kept the score 3-1. Stokes went five innings and gave up four hits. He walked seven and struck out six. The mix of walks and two Dobson errors in the fifth put the game out of reach.
Jacob Stobart and Alex Sepulveda drove in a run each for Red Mountain and Downey scored twice. Red Mountain finished with just five hits, Nick Carr and Forrest Snook had a pair of hits each for Dobson.
Dobson has four games left to play and may need all four to reach postseason. The Mustangs host Horizon on Friday and Gila Ridge on Saturday. They have road games the final week at Desert Mountain and Chandler.
State tennis singles, doubles tourneys open Friday April 25Apr 23, 2014, by Les Willsey, Staff Writer, AIA365.com
Boys and girls state singles and double tournament play opens this weekend with three rounds of tournament action at three locations in the metro Phoenix area.
Play in Division I, II and III starts Friday April 25 with the first two rounds of each tourney. On Saturday April 26 the third round is set. The tournament shifts to Friday May 2 (quarterfinals) and Saturday May 3 (semifinals and finals). Tournament action is set for Indian School Park in Scottsdale, Scottsdale Ranch Park. Gene Autry Sportx Complex in Mesa and Paseo Racquet Club in Glendale.
The top four seeds for each tournament and a note or two on each:
Singles -- Friday April 25 at Indian School Park -- 1st round 10:30 a.m.; 2nd round 4:30 p.m. Saturday April 26 at Scottsdale Ranch Park -- 3rd round 1 p.m. Seeds -- 1. James Ponwith, Chaparrral; 2. Zach Cihlar, Brophy; 3. Jarod Hing, Horizon; 4. Stefan Koester, Chaparral. Note: Ponwith was D-I runner-up last year and Hing advanced to the quarterfinal round. Doubles -- Friday April 25 at Indian School Park -- 1st round 1:30 p.m.; 2nd round 5:30 p.m. Saturday April 26 at Scottsdale Ranch Park -- 3rd round 1 p.m. Seeds -- 1. Jeremy Auh-Chase Victor, Desert Mtn; 2. Christian Franco-Michael Cowan, Brophy; 3. Sam Wang-Mac Howell, Hamilton; 4. Ryan Headley-Michael Headley, Pinnacle. Note: Cowan was half of last year's doubles champion duo. Wang and Howell placed fourth in doubles last year. The Headleys reached the quarterfinal round.
Singles -- Friday April 25 at Scottsdale Ranch Park -- 1st round 10:30 a.m; 2nd round 4:30 p.m.. Saturday April 26 at Paseo Racquet Club -- 3rd round 12:30 p.m. Seeds -- 1. Yash Parikh, Salpointe; 2. Mike Lee, Catalina Foothills; 3. Ryan Knox, Ironwood Ridge; 4. Luke Carstens, Notre Dame. Note: Lee was last year's D-II singles champ. Parikh finished 3rd in singles in D-I. Knox was part of the last year's runner-up doubles team. Carstens was part of last year's doubles champion team. Doubles -- Friday April 25 at Scottsdale Ranch Park -- 1st round 1:30 p.m. -- 2nd round 5:30 p.m.. Saturday April 26 at Paseo Racquet Club -- 3rd round 12:30 p.m. Seeds -- 1. Nate Rasmussen-Quinn Gardner, Catalina Foothills; 2. Adrian Cordova-Nick Silvestri, Notre Dame; 3. Bodgan Racolta-John Miller, Catalina Foothills; 4. Dmitry Chesnov-Jack Peterson, Cactus Shadows. Note: Rasmussen finished third in singles last year. Cordova was part of the championship doubles team.
Singles -- Friday April 25 at Paseo Racquet Club - 1st round 11:30 a.m.; 2nd round 6 p.m. Saturday April 26 at Paseo Racquet Club -- 3rd round 3:30 p.m. Seeds -- 1. Max Schell, Estrella Foothills; 2. David Strong, St. Gregory; 3. Delaney Harbin, Phoenix Christiain. 4. Jarod Bristol, Pusch Ridge. Note: Schell is the defending singles champ. Harbin was runner-up in singles last year. Strong placed fourth in singles last year. Doubles -- Friday April 25 at Paseo Racquet Club - 1st round 12:30 p.m.; 2nd round 7:30 p.m. Saturday April 26 at Paseo Racquet Club -- 3rd round 3:30 p.m. Seeds -- 1. Nathan McMaster-Reed Goodman, Thatcher; 2. Davis Towne-Camron Vick, Pusch Ridge; 3. Andrew Guilliams-Steven Barrera, Benson; 4. Dustin Evans-Shawn Clonts, Safford. Note -- McMaster-Goodman are the defending doubles champs. Towne-Vick finished third in doubles last year. Guilliams was part of quarterfinal qualifying team last year.
Singles -- Friday April 25 at Gene Autry Sports Complex -- 1st round 10:30 a.m.; 2nd round 4:30 p.m. Saturday April 26 at Scottsdale Ranch Park -- 3rd round 11:30 a.m. Seeds -- 1. Madison Clarke, Xavier; 2. Madeline Cunningham, Millennium; 3. Rebecca Salaway, Chaparral; 4. Chloe Weihs, Centennial. Note: Clarke was singles champ last year and singles runner-up in 2012. Cunningham was fourth in singles last year. Weihs was part of third-place doubles team last year. Doubles -- Friday April 25 at Gene Autry Sports Complex -- 1st round 1:30 p.m.; 2nd round 5:30 p.m.. Saturday April 26 at Scottsdale Ranch Park -- 3rd round 11:30 a.m. Seeds -- 1. Maggie Cohen-Scarlet Rush, Xavier; 2. Yolena Caron-Tori Kammerzell, Desert Vista; 3. Marissa Gautier-Animika Deokar, Hamilton; 4. Alex Penner-Abby Swartz, Centennial. Note: Cohen-Rush are two-time defending doubles champs. Penner was part of third-place doubles team last year.
Singles -- Friday April 25 at Phoenix Tennis Center -- 1st round 10:30 a.m; 2nd round 4:30 p.m.. Saturday April 26 at Paseo Racquet Club -- 3rd round 11 a.m. Seeds -- 1. Kirtana Bhat, Catalina Foothills; 2. Sabrina Barkdull, Arcadia; 3. Natalia Lombardi, Notre Dame; 4. Carly Lowry, Salpointe. Note: Bhat was part of doubles champion team last in 2013 and 2012. Lombardi placed third in singles last year. Doubles -- Friday April 25 at Phoenix Tennis Center -- 1st round 1:30 p.m. -- 2nd round 5:30 p.m.. Saturday April 26 at Paseo Racquet Club -- 3rd round 11 a.m. Seeds -- 1. Caitlin Railson-Sarah Eversman, Notre Dame; 2. Noelle Karp-Katie Watson, Catalina Foothills; 3. Kelsey Brown-Allison Knox, Ironwood Ridge; 4. Catherine Waters-Carrie Bell Kent, Rincon. Note: Railson-Eversman placed third in doubles last year.
Singles -- Friday April 25 at Paseo Racquet Club - 1st round 8:30 a.m.; 2nd round 3 p.m. Saturday April 26 at Paseo Racquet Club -- 3rd round 2 p.m. Seeds: 1. Abbie Denney, Northwest Christian; 2. Zoey Nelson, Estrella Foothills; 3. Kseniya Ramras, Scottsdale Prep; 4. Neha Alety, Rancho Solano. Note: Denney was singles runner-up last year. Doubles - Friday April 25 at Paseo Racquet Club - 1st round 10 a.m.; 2nd round 4:30 p.m. Saturday April 26 at Paseo Racquet Club -- 3rd round 2 p.m. Seeds -- 1. Ashley Madrid-Celine Marin, Miami; 2. Kendalle Finchum-Kourtnee Finchum, Buckeye; 3. Jenna Cray-Harika Echuri, Desert Christian; 4. Sydney Williams-Stevie Southwell, Safford. Note: A wide open tourney as only Cray-Echuri won a match last year in doubles.
State tournament tennis brackets for teams, singles, doublesApr 23, 2014, by Jose Garcia, Multimedia Journalist/Historian
Some of the perennial team favorites in tennis earned the state’s top tournament seeds Wednesday.
The Brophy Prep boys, Xavier Prep girls and Catalina Foothills boys each received No. 1 seeds for their respective team tournaments, which begin Tuesday. The Notre Dame girls, Miami girls and Thatcher boys also are seeded No. 1 in their respective team divisions.
The individual state tournaments begin on Friday. To view the individual state bracket tournaments and seeds go here.